Phlebotomist are clinical lab technicians who are trained to collect blood for testing and transfusions, donations and research. Phlebotomists support nurses, medical assistants and doctors. Blood collecting was once performed by nurses and sometimes doctors, but as health care continued to grow and doctors and nurses are seeing more and more patients, blood drawing was handed over to a new class of health care worker, the phlebotomist.
Phlebotomist collect blood in a laboratory, doctors office or hospital setting for testing, transfusion or research, collect blood on blood drives, collect blood from infants using a heel stick or butterfly needle, use fingersticks to collect small quantities of blood, perform vein-puncture and test blood for iron levels. Technicians also verifies patient identity, labels and stores the blood in an appropriate manner, may conduct interviews, take vital signs and test blood samples to screen potential blood donors.
Training programs for phlebotomist are found in vocational training schools offering Allied Health programs, community colleges and some 4 year colleges and universities. Subjects include anatomy, blood drawing techniques, patient care during and after blood drawing, standard health precautions, patient rights and confidentiality, bio hazard management and general first aid.
They must be able to communicate effectively with the patient, laboratory and the requesting staff member. You must be able to work well with people, work well under pressure and be able to ally a patients fears to make the blood collection task easy and comfortable. An externship is usually included as part of the course requirements.
The externship will provide the student with practical, hands on blood drawing techniques and equipment care, along with patient interaction and best laboratory practices. The externship is performed under the supervision of a licensed medical professional, such as a Registered Nurse and is a program in short duration that does not accrue course credits.
Programs are accredited by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP), the American Medical Technologists (AMT), the American Association of Medical Personnel (AAMP), and the National Credentialing Agency (NCA).
Once a student has completed an accredited program, the student will begin to prepare for the certification exam. The certification authority is the American Society of Phlebotomy Technicians. To qualify to take the certification exam, the candidate must meet one of the following requirements:
1. Completed at least one year of work experience using the required skills.
2. Successfully completed a formal program such as phlebotomy training, laboratory assistant, medical assistant, emergency medical technician training, nursing, etc. The training must include didactic instruction and a minimum of 100 hours of clinical hours. The candidate must also show documentation of at least 100 successful veinpunctures and 10 skin punctures.
3. Possess a current, valid certification by exam from another certification agency or society approved by the American Certification Agency (ACA). The required documentation and application fees must accompany the application for the application to be considered complete. The candidate must also include proof of high-school graduation or final transcript acknowledging successful completion of the program and graduation from the program and a copy of the current state license, if applicable.
Like a lot of areas of health care, phlebotomy is a career that is enjoying an upswing in demand. According to the United States Bureau of Labor, job growth for phlebotomists will increase 14% through the year 2016. [...]
A phlebotomist is a professional medical specialist who draws blood from patients for the purpose of testing. Nurses typically are responsible for drawing blood in an office or other health care [...]